Let’s talk slurs: part 3, reducing the load

In nearly all slur studies for brass instruments, the author writes out each pattern for all seven valve combinations (or slide positions). This is to make sure the student gets mastery in the (relatively difficult) 1-2-3 valve combination as well as the easier open combination–and all of the combinations in between. At the same time, over-practice of can be an issue. I would like to propose an easy alternative.

When a pattern is already learned, and the student is reviewing, why not play less valve combinations of an exercise–instead of all seven valve combinations, she could play only “open,” “1-2” and “1-2-3”? Three combinations, instead of seven, is a much more manageable and chop-saving approach. The student will still get the experience of the extremes of tubing length, but without nearly as much wear and tear on the embouchure.

Once a something is learned on the trumpet, it is often better to spend time on it for review periodically, but not to overwhelm physically with over-practice.

Let’s talk slurs: part 2, types of slur studies

There are many types of slur studies. Here is the way I divide them up with some examples taken from standard trumpet study books:

  1. Interval studies (e.g., ’s slur studies #1-15; Colin, much of vol. 2)
  2. Arpeggios (e.g., ’s Technical Studies, “Third Study,” “Seventh Study,”)
  3. Consecutive notes in harmonic series (e.g., , #7-15; , #1, 2, 4-14; 17-19; 21-24; most of Colin, vol. 1; most of the Bai Lin book)
  4. Skip (Schlossberg, 31-34; Bai Lin 3, 4, 8, 13-15, 19-21, 23-30; 34-38)
  5. Octaves, which is a type of skip slur (Schlossberg, #49-58)
  6. Glissandos (Smith, “The Glissando” section; Clarke, “Tenth Study”)
  7. Lip Slurs (Colin, much of vol. 2 and vol. 3)
  8. Lip slurs with (works by Belck)

References:
Arban, J.B., Complete Conservatory Method
Belck, Scott, Modern for Brass
____, Progressive Lip Flexibilities for Brass
Colin, Charles, Advanced Lip Flexibilities
Clarke, Herbert L., Technical Studies for the Cornet
Irons, Earl D., Twenty-Seven Groups of Exercises for Cornet and Trumpet
Lin, Bai, Lip Flexibilities for All Brass Instruments
Schlossberg, Max, Daily Drills and Technical Studies for Trumpet
Smith, Walter M., Forty-One Studies for Developing Lip Flexibility on the Cornet