This Day in History: 1885-05-11

Joe (“King”) Oliver, American jazz cornetist and bandleader, played in brass bands and dance bands (Melrose Band, Eagle Band, Olympia Band, Onward Brass Band, etc), defeated Freddie Keppard and Manuel Perez in a cutting session (thus getting the name “King”), moved to Chicago in 1918, leader of his own band in 1920, formed the King Oliver’s Creole Jazz Band (with Louis Armstrong), reorganized this band as the Dixie Syncopators, performing in the Savoy Ballroom in NYC (1925-7), began to suffer tooth and gum problems, retired in 1937, born in Abend, Louisiana.